[Setup] Plone on the cloud: how to keep it simple but modular ?
toffoli at uni.net
Tue Mar 1 15:00:18 UTC 2011
I don't know how common are my requirements, but I hope that somebody will
lend an ear anyway.
Briefly: I need advice on putting together:
- multiple Plone sites per Zope instance (ZODB mount points)
- moderately complex proxy configuration (virtual sites, caching, possibly
PUTTING IN CONTEXT
In the past years my little company developed several sites/applications on
Plone 2, 2.5 and 3. We spent time and effort on quite complex application
requirements, but didn't address system/performance issues, since most
projects were dealing with research prototypes or web sites for small
non-critical businesses. Thus, we never used Zeo and proxies other than
Apache. On the other hand, we always created multiple Plone sites per Zope
instance for sake of flexibility in maintenance and in development: sharing
skills and components among low-budget projects.
Recently we resolved to try AWS to get rid of the troubles involved in
in-house hosting or in relying on costly and/or unflexible housing. We
installed with success the "Plone Quick Start for EC2" provided by Jazkarta
Thus, starting from the example provided by its "Plone Quick Start AMI", we
came upon Nginx, Varnish, HAProxy, and so on. And read a lot; among others:
It seems to me that the Plone Quick Start AMI by Jazkarta follows a trend on
which several active members of the Plone community agree (e.g. Martin
Aspeli, Andreas Jung). Schematically, the solution includes Nginx -> Varnish
(caching) -> HAProxy (balancing). Probably HAProxy can be considered an
option in sites without extreme requirements.
OUR USE CASE
In future we will avoid to keep too many Plone sites on the same instance,
since EC2 will favour giving each customer exactly what he needs and pays
for. However, having each Plone site configured on a ZODB mount point would
make easier to pass from development to production and to maintain/upgrade
separately each site.
My reference scenario:
- 1 EC2 instance with 1 ZeoServer and a few Zeo Clients
- from 1 to 3 Plone sites, each on a ZODB mount point
- medium level of traffic, without notable peaks
- most users are anonymous
- autenticated access only for admin. and content management
- optional requirement: HTTPS.
- is Nginx + Varnish ok?
- how to allocate Zeo clients? per site, class of user, both?
- how to implement the allocation of the Zeo clients?
Thank you very much in advance, Giovanni
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